The IKL Crude Oil Pipeline

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The first idea about construction of the crude oil pipeline IKL (Ingolstadt – Kralupy nad Vltavou – Litvínov) and its implementation came in 1990 – 1995. Due to changes in the worldwide political and economic situation it was necessary to construct a new pipeline. At that time, the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (ČSFR) was correct in the estimate of its future needs and worldwide trends and decided to execute the above construction. The decision about the construction was taken in the light of the arising difficulties of oil exploitation companies in Russia and related potential problems with oil supply through the Družba pipeline. The Adria pipeline was another alternative which, however, did not meet the requirements due to insufficient capacity; moreover, the Czech Republic could in fact be excluded from the supply system in the future because of increased oil consumption by the Slovak Republic and Hungary. Estimates of importance and necessity to build a new pipeline proved well-founded and vital. The idea of pipeline construction met with a positive response not only in the Czech Republic but also in Germany, and construction work therefore started. The original route, planned from Ingolstadt via Kralupy nad Vltavou to Litvínov, was changed due to several reasons to the current one leading from Vohburg an der Donau to Nelahozeves (near Kralupy nad Vltavou). But the pipeline name “IKL” was kept for emotional reasons and it has been used up to now. Despite the fact that the construction was financially and technically demanding, it was completed in record time, and it has fulfilled its purpose.

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The project of the MERO IKL pipeline was done in 1990 – 1995 mainly for political and economic reasons. The Czech Republic clearly needed a new source of oil supplies and all official procedures were thus completed quite promptly. However, it was necessary to wait for the building permit from the German party, i.e. the government of Bavaria, till February 15, 1992. The final version of the pipeline route on Czech territory supported the construction of the Central Crude Oil Tank Farm in Nelahozeves. The Tank Farm was constructed from 1990 to 1997. This Tank Farm stores and blends oil from the IKL and the Družba pipelines and distributes it to customers. The IKL pipeline is connected to the TAL (Transalpine Ölleitung) pipeline in Vohburg. It is worth noting that the pipeline was laid in several riverbeds such as the Regen River (at a depth of 6 m) and the Danube River (at a depth of 3.5 m).


The opening ceremony for the pipeline launch occurred on March 13, 1996.

Construction of the IKL Crude Oil Pipeline